Prevention of hydrate formation in the extraction and transport of gas
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Prevention of hydrate formation in the extraction and transport of gas by Iпё UпёЎ. F. Makogon

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Published by National Research Council in Ottawa .
Written in English


  • Natural gas -- Hydrates

Book details:

Edition Notes

Statementby YU.F. Makogon and G.A. Sarkisyants.
SeriesTechnical translation - National Research Council of Canada
ContributionsSarkisʹi︠a︡nt︠s︡, Gaĭk Akadʹevich,
LC ClassificationsTN880 M313
The Physical Object
Paginationiv, 239 p. :
Number of Pages239
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL18784273M

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Naturally on Earth gas hydrates can be found on the seabed, in ocean sediments, in deep lake sediments (e.g. Lake Baikal), as well as in the permafrost regions. The amount of methane potentially trapped in natural methane hydrate deposits may be significant (10 15 to 10 17 cubic metres), which makes them of major interest as a potential energy resource.. Catastrophic . Hydrate formation in natural gas pipelines M. Naseer & W. Brandst¨atter Departmentof Petroleum Production and Processing, University of Leoben, Austria Abstract Gas hydrates pose a problem to the flow assurance programs in the oil and gas industry. This paper highlights the mechanisms of hydrate formation in natural gas pipelines. Caineng Zou, in Unconventional Petroleum Geology, Gas hydrate, a carrier substance for natural gas, is an unconventional gas l gas hydrate is widely distributed in oceans and polar regions, and its gas resources are 10 times more than global conventional gas reserves and twice the total carbon content in all the coal, petroleum, and natural gas in the world. Gas Hydrate, one of the unexplored domains in the energy sector has a vast potential to quench the future energy demands. Depressurization, Thermal Stimulation, Carbon swapping and Inhibitor injection are a few processes involved in its : Ankit Gupta, Avi Aggarwal.

Rarely covered in formal engineering courses, natural gas hydrates are a common problem and real-life danger for engineers worldwide. Updated and more practical than ever, Natural Gas Hydrates, Third Edition helps managers and engineers get up to speed on all the most common hydrate types, how to forecast when they will appear, and safely mitigate their removal. The traditional gas hydrate flow assurance methods (e.g., injecting thermodynamic hydrate inhibitors, dehydration, thermal isolation/heating) rely on the idea of avoiding hydrate formation while the new methods are based on delaying hydrate formation (using kinetic hydrate inhibitors) and/or preventing hydrate agglomeration by controlling solid. Gas hydrates are solid, ice-like crystals in which gas molecules - mainly methane - are trapped in the structure of solid water. Natural gas hydrates occur on continental margins and shelves worldwide from polar regions to the tropics, and their energy content is estimated to exceed that of all other fuel sources combined. The economic production of natural gas from oceanic hydrate deposits will require new offshore drilling systems and methods. Recovering methane and economically transporting it, pose a challenge to technologists and scientists. Ideas have been conceptualized and research mounted to address these challenges.

Phase Behavior thermodynamics is usually invoked for the prediction of the Q1Q2 hydrate formation/dissociation line. The first two methods of prediction were proposed by Katz and coworkers, and are known as the Gas Gravity Method (Katz, ) and the K i-value Method (Carson and Katz, ).Both methods allow calculating the P-T equilibrium curves for three . hydrate equilibrium and the understanding of natural gas hydrate formation, accumulation and destabilization in nature. Gas Hydrate was discovered by Sir Humphrey Day in The study and re-search on hydrate became of interest to the oil and gas industry in when the first pipeline blockage was observed by Hamrnerschmidt. This was due toFile Size: 1MB. The majority of ocean-floor gas hydrates are found at depths of more than 1, feet ( meters). Under hydrate conditions, gas is extremely concen-trated. One unit volume of methane hydrate at a pressure of one atmosphere produces about unit volumes of methane gas—thus gas hydrates are very energy-dense reservoirs of fossil fuel. Gas hydrates have been endowed with great potential in natural gas storage and transportation, and achieving the rapid hydrate formation and high storage capacity is critical to utilize this tech.